Medical Group Dens

Implantology

Implantoloģija​

If one or more teeth are lost, you should replace the empty spaces as soon as possible. Without filling the blanks, the jaw bone begins to fade in place of the lost tooth, resulting in a change in the shape of the face and a person may look older than he actually is. The adjacent teeth can tilt to the empty space of the lost tooth, create a gap, creating chaos in the bite. If the gap of the lost tooth is too narrow, it may cause complications in implantology and protein. A blank tooth in the mouth may alter the bite, which may result in headache.

The tooth implant is a replacement tooth root made of a particularly durable, light and biologically compatible material (titanium, zirconium or their alloy). The implant has a form of a bolt surgically inserted into the jaw bone.

Consultation

The need for an implant is assessed by the patient's dentist, sending the patient to a consultation with the mouth, face and jaw surgeon. The situation of each patient is assessed individually by the surgeon and is often determined directly by the condition of the patient's mouth, teeth and jaw bones. An integral part of implantology planning is a 3D (3D) X-ray, in which a specialist can assess the location of the patient's teeth, bone condition, thickness, and allow you to plan the direction, type, length and diameter of the implant. During the consultation, the surgeon shall inform the patient of the necessary additional examinations and stages of implantology.

Inserting an implant

Dental implant surgery is the first phase of the insertion of an implant during which the insertion of a dental implant into the bone under local anaesthesia is carried out. The tooth implant has a porous surface and swells into the bone within 3-8 months, but it is individual for each. One or more implants may be inserted. After implanting surgery, the surgeon may prescribe a short course of antibiotics. The patient may experience a slight, temporary swelling, minor pain at the site of surgery.

After the implant is embedded into the bone, the second phase is followed by the flip-off of the implant. During this phase, the gum is exposed and the gum shaper is inserted into the inner thread of the implant. The gum shaper forms a contour of the gums to successfully ensure a smooth transition of the implant bolt to the tooth crown. The gum shaper is held for approximately two weeks so that the gum is successfully healed and creates the desired shape. Approximately two weeks after removal of the implant, the replacement may be initiated. The situation of each patient is assessed individually, since insertion of the implant at one stage is possible.

Artificial bone transplantation

If a tooth is lost, the bone is not loaded, bone breakdown (resorption) occurs in the empty space, resulting in a decrease in bone volume. If the patient wants to restore the lost tooth with a tooth implant, a jaw X-ray is performed before starting implantation to assess whether the existing bone volume in the patient's jaw is sufficient. If the bone is insufficient to insert an implant, artificial bone cultivation (transplantation) is performed. It is a procedure in which an artificial bone obtained from natural or artificial material is inserted at the required location. As a result of the procedure, a sufficient amount of bone tissue is provided to insert a tooth implant.

Raising the upper jaw base (Sinus lift)

Sinus lift there is a procedure to increase the amount of bone tissue by lifting the adjacent cavity of the nose. The Sinus lift shall only be carried out on the upper jaw in the case of insufficient amounts of bone on the side of the upper jaw. First, the surgeon creates a small opening next to the outer wall of the cavity and lifts the adjacent cavity to the desired height. The established cavity shall be filled with the swelling material or a membrane shall be inserted in order to obtain the maximum possible amount of bone.

Gunārs Lauskis
Gunārs Lauskis
Surgeon of mouth, face and jaw